Quarter Days and Pagan Fire Festivals

In some modern Pagan traditions, including some forms of NeoWicca, the eight sabbats or holidays are divided into two groups: the fire festivals, or cross quarter days, and the quarter festivals. Some belief systems celebrate only one group — either the quarter or cross quarter days — and others mark all eight each year. Which ones you observe will depend on your own magical tradition, as well as which of these sabbats is most meaningful to you.

Did You Know?

  • The term “quarter days” is derived from a system in the British Isles in which four specific days each year were marked as a time to collect rents, hire new servants, and resolve legal matters.
  • Some traditions of Wicca and NeoPaganism celebrate only the quarter days, while others observe only the cross-quarter festivals.
  • In some belief systems, all eight days are celebrated annually, forming the system we call the Wheel of the Year.

Quarter Days

Pagan altar and spiral works outside next to a tree. Wicca and witchcraft.
Sven Jakubith / Getty Images

The quarter festivals, or lesser sabbats, include the solstices

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https://www.learnreligions.com/quarter-days-and-cross-quarter-days-2562061

The types of clouds: everything you need to know by Tibi Puiu

Clouds come in all sorts of shapes and sizes. Some look cute and fluffy, others appear menacing and apocalyptic.

Not all clouds are created equal. Some are puffy and sweet, others are gray and uniform while others still are so erratic and capricious that the human mind starts to see things; bunnies, cows or a nation’s borders.

The different types of clouds are named based on their shape and how high up they hover in the troposphere. For instance, the diagram below provides a quick overview of the most common types of clouds based on altitude.

Credit: Center for Science Education

The three main types of clouds

A cloud is a visible accumulation of minute droplets of wate, ice crystals, or both, suspended in the air. Though they vary in shape and size, all clouds are basically formed in the same way through the vertical of air above the condensation level. Clouds may also form in contact with the ground surface, too. Such a cloud would be known as fog

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https://www.zmescience.com/science/types-of-clouds/

Casket or Coffin: What’s the Difference? – Funeral Guide

When you are arranging a funeral for your loved, you might find yourself having to choose between a casket or coffin.

Choosing a coffin is a basic part of funeral planning, and people usually consider a range of factors to help them decide.

Are coffins and caskets the same thing?

The words coffin and casket can both be used to describe a container for cremation or burial.

The only real difference between a coffin and a casket in the sense that most people tend to use the words, is the shape. A coffin’s shape is tapered along the lines of the

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https://www.funeralguide.co.uk/help-resources/arranging-a-funeral/funeral-guides/casket-or-coffin-whats-the-difference

THE BUCKET LIST: 37 DIFFERENT TYPES OF COFFEE TO TRY by Asser Christensen

different kinds of coffee (1)

I get it; coffee can be confusing. Back in the days, you only really had to think about whether you wanted it with sugar or milk, or just black, but recently more and more crazy concoctions have sprung up.

This is my attempt at making a list that covers all different types of coffee and whether you should try them or not.

COMMON TYPES OF BLACK COFFEES

  1. Drip Coffee: This is the classic coffee from your childhood. It’s brewed with a drip coffee machine and a paper filter. You already know whether or not you like this coffee, so I’m not going to give you any advice here.
  2. Batch Brew: This kind of coffee is similar to drip coffee, but usually it’s made with a larger brewing device. Many specialty coffee shops have started offering this type of coffee, which means that it’s often an excellent option if you want a delicious cup of coffee with no additions.
  3. Espresso: A tiny cup of coffee, usually around 1 oz, originating in Italy. Brewed on an espresso machine that can force hot water through a puck of finely ground coffee with at least 9 bars of pressure. Espresso has a layer of golden-brownish crema on top. This type of coffee is the foundation of many other coffee drinks.
  4. Americano: This type of coffee is an espresso diluted with hot water. Strength-wise it’s usually slightly stronger than drip coffee, and the flavor is often a bit more ‘roasty’ and intense.
  5. Pour Over: Similar to drip coffee, except it has been brewed manually by the barista. Often he or she will use a small pour overcone from a company such as Hario and slowly add water with a gooseneck kettle. One of my favorite brew methods.
  6. Instant coffee: Pour hot water on freeze-dried coffee. Stir. Easy to make but usually not very tasty as a cheap type of coffee called ‘Robusta’ is mostly used.

LESSER KNOWN BLACK COFFEES

  1. Ristretto: An espresso with only half as much water and an even finer grind size resulting in a super intense flavor.
  2. Doppio: Italian word for ‘double espresso.’
  3. Long Black: Australian expression for ‘Americano.’
  4. Siphon Coffee: Brewed using a glass device called a Siphon or vacuum brewing pot. It relies on vacuum to pull water through ground coffee. Mostly seen in specialty coffee shops like Blue Bottle. A nuanced, yet bold coffee brewing method.
  5. Aeropress: This kind of coffee is made by using something that looks like an oversized syringe. The brew method combines both immersion and infusion. By using air pressure, it forces the brewed coffee through a paper filter. Cup quality can be excellent; a cheap and easy way to make good coffee at home.
  6. Turkish Coffee: Finely ground coffee is boiled in a unique kettle with sugar and served unfiltered. Not only served in Turkey, but also in parts of Eastern Europe and the Middle East.

MILK-BASED COFFEES

  1. Cappuccino: One of the most common types of coffee. Consists of a double shot of espresso and equal parts of steamed milk and milk foam on top.
  2. Latte: A caffe latte (or just latte, as it’s usually called) is a

READ MORE HERE:  https://coffeechronicler.com/different-types-of-coffee/

 

 

 

 

 

 

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How to Identify the 10 Different Types of Clouds Posted by Christine Sarikas

feature_clouds

Do you need to know the different types of clouds for school, or are you just interested in what’s up there in the sky? At first glance, all clouds can look pretty much the same, but with a bit of knowledge and practice you can soon learn how to tell exactly which kind of cloud you’re looking at.

In this guide, we show you all the steps to becoming a cloud-identifying expert. We’ll go over the ten main types of clouds and give you the info you need to identify each cloud type, including cloud names, their shape, height in the sky, color, and the weather you can expect them to bring.

We’ll end with some additional tips for identifying clouds, including easy tricks to differentiate similar-looking cloud types.

The 10 Main Types of Clouds

How many types of clouds are there? Generally speaking, there are ten main types of clouds you’ll see in the sky, and we discuss each of them below. For each of these different types of clouds, we’ve included a picture of the cloud, a short description, and the following additional information:

  • Height: Where in the sky the cloud typically occurs (low-level, mid-level, or high-level)
  • Color: The color of the cloud
  • Shape: The form the cloud typically takes
  • Weather: The weather the cloud is usually associated with or predicts

 

Altocumulus

altocumulus

Image source: Angelo Su/Flickr

  • Height: Mid
  • Color: White
  • Shape: Heap-like and often grouped together
  • Weather: Varies

Altocumulus clouds are fairly common clouds that look like round white or gray patches in the sky. They are sometimes grouped in parallel lines and have been described as looking similar to tufts of wool or fish scales.

 

Altostratus

altostratus

Image source: Wonderlane/Flickr (cropped from original)

  • Height: Mid
  • Color: White or light gray
  • Shape: Thick and flat
  • Weather: Usually indicate warmer weather is approaching; can cause light precipitation

These clouds form a white or gray layer that blankets the sky at mid-level. There are usually no patches of blue sky when these clouds appear, but the sun is often visible as a dimly lit disk behind the clouds (although no shadows appear on the ground).

 

Cirrocumulus

cirrocumulus

  • Height: High
  • Color: White or gray
  • Shape: Rows of small patchy clouds
  • Weather: Typically sunny and cold

Cirrocumulus clouds are much smaller than most other types of clouds, and they are sometimes called cloudlets. They are found at high altitudes and are made of ice crystals. They often are arranged in parallel rows. They are one of the rarer types of clouds and usually don’t last long.

 

Cirrostratus

Cirrostratus

Image source: aivas14/Flickr

  • Height: High
  • Color: Transparent/white
  • Shape: Wispy, but thicker than cirrus clouds
  • Weather: Varies

These are transparent, wispy clouds that

READ MORE:  https://blog.prepscholar.com/what-are-the-different-types-of-clouds

 

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