How to Make Rag Paper by HEIDI A. REEVES

Before the advent of mechanized paper mills and wood sulfite pulps, people made paper from old clothing. Historically, the rags people used for papermaking were linen, but fabric made from cotton and hemp also make high-quality paper. You can find rag paper made from cotton and linen at office supply stores, but you can also make your own. Making paper is a time-consuming and messy process, but your efforts will yield sheets of paper unlike anything you can find in a store.

Things You’ll Need

  • Cotton, linen or hemp fabric
  • Fabric scissors
  • Paint bucket
  • Hollander beater or industrial strength blender
  • Plastic tub with high sides
  • Shallow plastic tub
  • Mould and deckle (wooden supports with a mesh screen stretched across the top and a removable wooden frame)
  • Wooden boards
  • Industrial polyester felt sheets
  • Weights (heavy books, doorstops, etc.)
  • Sheets of cotton blotter

Step 1

Cut the fabric into squares that measure approximately 1 inch, place the cut fabric into your paint bucket and fill it with enough water to cover the fabric scraps.

Step 2

Allow the scraps to soak for at least 24 hours; saturating the fibers with water will make them break down faster during the pulp-making process.

Step 3

Find the zero point of the Hollander beater, which is a piece of papermaking equipment with a moat-like tub and a rotating cylinder (beater roll) with macerating blades that break fabric into pulp. Open the beater’s top to reveal the beater roll. Move the roll back and forth with your hand as you turn the crank on the side of the beater counterclockwise. When the beater roll starts scraping against the metal plate that rests beneath it, stop turning the crank and set the counter

READ MORE HERE:  https://www.ehow.com/how_6132991_make-rag-paper.html

How to dry flowers and preserve their color By JACQUELINE GULLEDG

You can hang, press and even microwave a variety of flowers.

dried flowers

Drying flowers can easily be done at home and is a great way to save your favorite blooms. (Photo: JP Chretien/Shutterstock)

Flowers are a beautiful addition to any setting, but the colorful blooms tend to only last for a few days or a week. Drying flowers is a great way to preserve them for display in a vase or frame in your home.

Depending on the type of flower, there are several different techniques for drying flowers that can all be easily done at home with items you have on hand.

When’s the best time to cut flowers for drying?

rosebudThe best time to cut a flower for drying is before the bloom is fully open. (Photo: Ildiko Szabo/Shutterstock)

To ensure the flowers retain the most color, cut them before they are fully open. The flowers should also dry in a dark, cool place so sunlight doesn’t fade the colors.

If you’re trying to dry a bouquet (like a wedding bouquet), it’s best to dry it as soon as you’re done using it since the flowers more than likely have been cut for at least a day. If you happen to receive cut flowers like roses, it may be tempting to leave the flowers in a vase until all the blooms fully open. However, if you really want to save the flowers for sentimental sake, you’ll want to dry them before they’re completely open.

What’s the best method for drying flowers?

Hanging

blue flowersYou can hang flowers upside-down using wire, a clothes hanger or a closet rod. (Photo: Mr_Ackley/Shutterstock)

The most common (and pretty much foolproof) method is to gather the flowers in small bundles or individually and hang them upside-down. I always use a clothes hanger and rubber bands, and I tie flowers together at the stem and then

READ MORE HERE:  https://www.mnn.com/your-home/organic-farming-gardening/stories/how-dry-flowers-and-preserve-their-color

 

 

 

Continue reading “How to dry flowers and preserve their color By JACQUELINE GULLEDG”

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