Stonehenge is a massive stone monument located on a chalky plain north of the modern-day city of Salisbury, England. Research shows that the site has continuously evolved over a period of about 10,000 years. The structure that we call “Stonehenge” was built between roughly 5,000 and 4,000 years ago and was one part of a larger sacred landscape that included a massive stone monument that was 15 times the size of Stonehenge.
The biggest of Stonehenge’s stones, known as sarsens, are up to 30 feet (9 meters) tall and weigh 25 tons (22.6 metric tons) on average. It is widely believed that they were brought from Marlborough Downs, a distance of 20 miles (32 kilometers) to the north.
One of the most exciting things about fall (besides showing off our new knitting projects) is baking beautiful sweet loaves and breads using our favourite harvest goodies — freshly picked apples, pears, squash and pumpkins — paired with rich, warm spices. Bring on those carbs and cozy sweaters!
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Upside-Down Apple French Toast
This deceptively easy, yet Instagram-worthy, baked French toast features cranberries and pecans which will wow your next brunch guests and earn a few likes on social media.
Along with skeleton, zombie and vampire costumes, many of tonight’s Halloween revellers will hit the town in pointy hats, black gowns and fake warty noses while carrying broomsticks and stuffed black cats.
It’s a look copied mostly from the Wicked Witch of the West in the 1939 film of The Wizard of Oz.
But in the past witches were thought to be real – and believers found them everywhere. From the 15th to 18th century more than 200,000 – usually innocent victims of mass paranoia – were tortured, burned or hanged all over Europe.
But how, exactly, did accusers spot their targets? Here are the most bizarre and terrifying examples of how to identify your witch…
Do they look like a witch?
Most accused witches were old, poor and “crone-like”. During an English witch frenzy of the 1640s, the Rev John Gaule insisted that “every old woman with a wrinkled face, a furr’d brow, a hairy lip, a gobber tooth, a squint eye, a squeaking voice, or a scolding tongue is not only suspected, but pronounced for a witch.”
This was the most common way to catch a crone. The suspect was sprinkled with holy water, stripped to her undergarments then trussed up with her right thumb tied to her left big toe and vice versa.
With a rope around her waist she was tossed into a pond or river. If she floated, she was a witch, if she sank she could be hauled out and saved… if she hadn’t drowned.
The theory was that witches reject the sacrament of baptism so water rejects their bodies. Ducking stools were later invented to make things easier for the hunters.
Devil’s marks & witches’ teats
Hunters would strip suspects naked, shave their bodies then publicly examine them for Satan’s brands from when they made their “pacts with the devil”. Or they they might find an extra nipple used to suckle their animal helpers (familiars).
Moles, pimples and birthmarks could all condemn the innocent so folk would cut or burn them off… but the scars were also proof.
Pricks & scratches
Even the faintest freckles were pricked with a needle or blade. If it didn’t bleed or hurt, the subject was definitely a witch. Professional “prickers” were well paid, and tunscrupulous ones used knives with retractable blades that did nothing. The accused might also be scratched by the victims they had “bewitched” and if any symptoms eased as they drew blood… guilty!
The suspect was weighed against a heavy Bible or a stack of them
They are not that hard to make and can be practically free if you have some basic stuff laying around the house. Scrap wood, old clothes, hats, gloves, some burlap, tree trimmings, old sheets etc…. the possibilities are endless.
One of my favorites scarecrows is from the movie Sleepy Hollow.
So simple, So classic, So Halloween!
The first scarecrow I made was after seeing that movie. I did it in an afternoon with some wood, old branches, black plastic, and a
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