Pennyroyal oil which is used in many insect repellents and other things which can be fatal if ingested by a dog or cat or a human. If you use as part of a shampoo it can be toxic by osmosis via the skin. Because of this potential hazard to my two canine babies I make a simple removable collar using dried Pennyroyal along with other herbs to keep more pests off of them. This way it still protects my dogs from becoming flea taxis yet the Pennyroyal and other herbs do not touch their fur or skin. I have also found out by making a collar large enough for myself that Pennyroyal mixed with one or more of these herbs will repel misquoted and other pests too, use this link for this information:
The plants and herbs listed in link can be planted along the edge of your yard if you live in an area where deers roam or even if there places around your home that could harbor fleas and/or ticks, in others words whether you live in an urban or rural area your dog, car, or bird will wind up with fleas if they go outside. Than bring them into your home where they will hitch a ride and feed on any mammal or bird they can. If you get a flea infestations in your it is almost impossible to get rid of them except with professional help. If you live in a warm climate it is even harder to get them out of your home. Ticks are less common in urban areas than rural ones but an ounce of prevention is worth a pound of cure so every pet should have tick prevention also. The following link gives you plants to put in our yard to keep the fleas and ticks away:
The flea and tick season usually starts in April and ends in September in the Northern Hemisphere. But depending on rain fall and outdoor air temperature (not the feels like temperature) the season might extend either with the starting or ending dates. As the temperatures begin to fall in the fall you or your pet are more likely to get fleas and/or ticks hitching a ride to stay warm and live longer.
How to make an insect repellent collar or as I all them Pooch Necklaces:
WHAT YOU WILL NEED FOR EACH COLLAR FOR A CAT OR DOG UP TO 15 POUNDS/7 km (if you have a bigger dog and want to know how to make an herbal collar for him or her leave a comment below with dogs height from floor to top of shoulder and its weigh):
1 Sewing Needle
Any Color Thread
2 Small Snaps or 1 inch/2,5 cm Sew on Velcro
100 Cotton Cloth (I like using the leg part of old socks or old t-shirts made of cotton only) For the LENGTH of the collar measure around largest part of neck of the human or animal, and add 2 inches. For the WIDTH of the collar it should be 2 to 5 inches/5 to 13 cm depending on th size of your cat or dog. For a human “necklace” width should be 6 to 8 inches/15 to 20 com. Use a different color material for each pet and human I find it is easier to get us out the door faster for walks.
Fold the piece of material in half, if there I a pattern you want to show when done this should be on the inside while sewing. To sew leave a 1/4 inch/6 cm seam starting at the fold on one of the short ends all the way around to about 1/4 inch/0.6 cm tie off thread. Turn the material right side out. You may have to use a regular table knife for this so the screen corners are completely straight.
Making sure you are only 1 side of the material when sewing on the snaps or Velcro. Separate the part of the snap with the little nub that sticks up from the bottom or pull velcro apart. Sew the top of one snap approximately 1/2 of an inch/2 cm down from the open end. Sew the second snap top approximately 3/4 of an inch/2.5 cm down from first snap. For velcro sew one side approximately 3/4 inch/2 cm down from the open end. Tricky part Take the closed end of the collar and over lap it on open end, make sure the material is flat with no twists in it,using approximately 1 1/4 inches/3 cm of the material. Sew the other half of the snap on so it is even with top half I use a maker to color the nub that sticks up on the snap, than when I do the over lap I press down on the material so the is a small dot which I use to center of the other half of the snap with) than fill. If using velcro sew on half on either end of collar. Make sure you so them on the correct side of the material so it closes with no twists in the material and you have the velcro aligned before sewing on the second piece. Velcro might not last through one season because the gripper side bets full of stuff but you can clean it out by combing it.
Place the funnel in the open end and hold the material tightly around it then pour in the herbal mixture, pull the funnel out slowly as th collar fills. When done tuck 1/4 of an inch/0.6 cm using a whip stitch to sew the collar shut.
The collar should be put on just before going outside. When you come in take the collar off and store in either an air tight container or a zip lock type bag. Throw the collar out after the first hard freeze. Make a new one in March. The herbs lose potency as time goes by so if you live in an area that is usually high with fleas and/or ticks you should make a new herbal collar every 4 to 6 weeks.
Enough of the Herbs you choose to mix together to use in the collar. For example my Min Pin, Cleo, is approximately 12 inches/30.5 cm tall, weights about 13 pounds/5.9 kg and her neck is approximately 8 inches/20cm in diameter so in her I use approximately 3/4 of cup/96 gm of a mixture of pennyroyal, pepermint, marigold petals dried over the winter and 4 drop of Citronella mixed well. My Chihuahua, Star, is approximately 9 inches/2.9 cm tall, with much shorter legs putting her belly closer to the ground making it easier for pests to hitch a ride, she weights about 10 pounds/4.5 km but her neck size is the same as Cleos’. So for her I add Rosemary, that I have cracked it open with my mortar and pedestal. I use approximately 5/8 of a cup/98 gm of the mixture in her collar.
Some of the herbs may have to be slightly ground to work properly. Do not use herbs the have been package by a company to be used for cooking as the processing of the herbs always remove some of the medicinal benefits. Herbs you can by loose in bulk form are the next best thing to home grown organic herbs. When I have to buy an herb I always put in the oven on it’s very lowest setting for about 10 to 15 minutes this will kill any mold spores that might be present from the manufacturer possibly not letting the herb dry out completely before packing. If it has been a wet growing season and you are harvesting groom outdoor plants place the herbs flat, no over lapping, on a cookie sheet than put them in the oven at the lowest temperature until completely dried out. Shake the cookie tray about every 5 minutes to make sure the herb is not sticking to it which causes uneven drying.
Before making and using the herbal anti bug collar for a cat, dog, or human check with your pts veterinarian and/or the humans doctor to make sure your pet or the person is not allergic to any of the Herbs you want to use and that they will interact alright with any daily medication your pet(s) or the person is on. Lady Beltane and/or NewFound-Life and/or Silver Sage Witch are not responsible in any way if anything reaction happens causing an illness or death if you made the choice to use the herbal collar/necklace this article is about.